Fungal Vaginitis Treatment | ZhongBa Hospital
Mostly, fungal infections are caused due to C. Albicans. This fungus colonizes in the vagina and affects about 15/20% of non-pregnant females and also 20/40% pregnant women.Our Chinese Hospital has the best Gynecologist for fungal vaginitis treatment.
Risk factors for candidal vaginitis are down below:
- Use of a broad-spectrum antibiotic or corticosteroids.
- Constrictive nonporous undergarments.
- Use of an intrauterine device.
- Immuno-compromise individuals.
Candidal vaginitis is unusual among postmenopausal females except among those getting systemic hormone therapy.
Symptoms and Signs
Burning, vaginal vulvar pruritus or irritation, and dyspareunia are common, as is a white, thick, cottage cheese-like vaginal secretion that adheres to the vaginal surface. Symptoms and signs enhance the weakness before menses. Edema, erythema, and excoriation are common. Inflammation in male sex partners is rare. Recurrences after fungal vaginitis treatment are uncommon.
Wet Mount Method
Budding yeast, vaginal pH is < 4.5, pseudohyphae, or mycelia are visible on a wet mount, especially with KOH. If signs suggest candidal vaginitis but symbols such as vulvar irritation are absent and microscopy does not identify fungal elements, fungal culture is done. Female with frequent reappearances require a culture to confirm the analysis and to rule out non-albicans Candida infections.
Fungal Vaginitis Treatment
Antifungal drugs use for fungal vaginitis treatment (oral fluconazole in a single dose preferred)
Avoidance of Excess Moisture Accumulation
Keeping the vulva clear and wearing absorbent, loose cotton clothing which allows air to circulate can reduce fungal growth and vulvar moisture. Oral and topical drugs are highly active. Adherence to fungal vaginitis treatment is better when a one-dose oral regimen of fluconazole 150 mg is taken. Topical clotrimazole, butoconazole, tioconazole, and miconazole are available OTC. Nevertheless, patients should be warned that topical ointments and creams containing vegetable oil or mineral oil weaken latex-based condoms. If signs continue or worsen during topical therapy, hypersensitivity to topical antifungals should be deliberated.
Frequent recurrences involve long-term suppression with oral and topical drugs (fluconazole 150 mg monthly to weekly or ketoconazole 100 mg once/day for 6 months). Suppression is effective only while the medicines are being taken. These medicines may be contraindicated in patients with liver sicknesses. Patients taking ketoconazole should be examined occasionally with liver function tests.
Clindamycin (Cleocin) is also effective for fungal vaginitis treatment. Because of concerns about the possible aspects of these treatments on the developing fetus, they may be different for pregnant women. Routine treatment of sex partners is not necessary. Because it does not seem to affect either the outcome of treatment or the chance of getting infected again.
Because fungal vaginitis is an STD that transmits during sex, you can help to prevent infection by:
- Having sex with only one uninfected partner.
- Not having sex.
- Keep the area around your genitals clean and dry.
- Change tampons and hygienic napkins commonly.
- Avoid irritating soaps and bath additives, vaginal sprays, and douches.
- Wear moveable cotton underwear that doesn’t trap dampness. Avoid nylon underwear.