Endocrine Glands, Causes, Diagnosis
The endocrine system is a complex network of glands that produce and release hormones, which help control many significant body functions, including the body’s capability to change calories into energy which powers organs and cells. The endocrine system powers how your heart beats, how your tissues and bones grow, even your capability to get pregnant. It plays an important role in whether or not you develop growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, thyroid disease, hormone-related disorders, and diabetes.
Glands of the Endocrine System
Every endocrine gland of the endocrine system discharges specific hormones in your blood. These hormones go through your blood to other tissues and help control or synchronize many body processes.
Parathyroid: Four tiny glands in the neck that play a key role in bone development.
Adrenal glands: Two glands that sit on top of the kidneys that release the hormone cortisol.
Islet cells in the pancreas: Cells in the pancreas control the release of the hormones insulin and glucagon.
Hypothalamus: A part of the lower middle brain that tells the pituitary gland when to discharge hormones.
Ovaries: The female reproductive organs that release eggs and produce sex hormones.
Pineal gland: A gland near the center of the brain that relates to sleep patterns.
Pituitary gland: A gland found at the base of the brain after the sinuses. It is often named as the “master gland” because it affects many other glands, particularly the thyroid glands. Issues with the pituitary gland can disturb bone growth, a female’s menstrual cycle, and the discharge of breast milk.
Thymus: A gland in the upper chest that helps develop the body’s immune system early in life.
Testes: The male reproductive glands that produce sperm and sex hormones.
Thyroid: A butterfly-shaped gland in the opposite of the neck that controls metabolism.
Causes of Endocrine Glands Disorders
Endocrine disorders are typically grouped into two categories:
- ü Endocrine disease due to the development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affects hormone levels.
- ü Endocrine disease that effects when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormonal level, named as hormonal imbalance.
Testing for Endocrine Disorders
If you have an endocrine glands disorder, your specialist may refer you to an endocrinologist in Lahore. An endocrinologist is specifically trained in complications with the endocrine system. The signs of an endocrine disorder differ widely and depend on the specific gland involved in the system. However, many people with endocrine syndrome complain of weakness and fatigue. Urine and blood tests to check hormonal levels that can help your specialists determine if you have an endocrine syndrome. Imaging testing helps to locate a nodule or tumor.
Treatment of endocrine glands disorders can be difficult, as a change in hormonal levels can throw off another. Your specialist may order routine blood work to checked for issues or to determine if your prescription or treatment plan needs to be adjusted.